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What is Islam?


The name of the religion is Islam, which comes from an Arabic root word meaning "peace" and "submission." Islam teaches that one can only find peace in one's life by submitting to Almighty God (Allah) in heart, soul and deed. The same Arabic root word gives us "As salaam u alaykum," ("Peace be with you"), the universal Muslim greeting.


Who is a Muslim?


A person who believes in and consciously follows Islam is called a Muslim, also from the same root word. So, the religion is called "Islam," and a person who believes in and follows it is a "Muslim."


How Many and Where?


Islam is a major world religion, with over 1 billion followers worldwide (1/5 of the world population). It is considered one of the Abrahamic, monotheistic faiths, along with Judaism and Christianity. Although usually associated with the Arabs of the Middle East, less than 10% of Muslims are in fact in Arab. Muslims are found all over the world, of every nation, color and race.


Who is Allah?


Allah is the proper name for Almighty God, and is often translated merely as "God." Allah has other names that are used to describe.
His characteristics: the Creator, the Sustainer, the Merciful, the Compassionate, etc.

Muslims believe that since Allah alone is the Creator, it is He alone that deserves our devout love and worship. Islam holds to a strict monotheism. Any worship and prayers directed at saints, prophets, other human beings or nature is considered idolatry.


What do Muslims believe about God, prophets, the afterlife, etc.?


The basic beliefs of Muslims fall into six main categories, which are known as the "Articles of Faith":

Faith in the unity of God
Faith in angels
Faith in prophets
Faith in books of revelation
Faith in an afterlife
Faith in destiny/divine decree


The "five pillars" of Islam:


In Islam, faith and good works go hand-in-hand. A mere verbal declaration of faith is not enough, for belief in Allah makes obedience to Him a duty.

The Muslim concept of worship is very broad. Muslims consider everything they do in life to be an act of worship, if it is done according to Allah's guidance. There are also five formal acts of worship which help strengthen a Muslim's faith and obedience. They are often called the "Five Pillars of Islam."

Testimony of faith (Kalima)
Prayer (Salat)
Almsgiving (Zakat)
Fasting (Sawm)
Pilgrimage (Hajj)


Daily life as a Muslim:


While often seen as a radical or extreme religion, Muslims consider Islam to be the middle road. Muslims do not live life with complete disregard for God or religious matters, but nor do they neglect the world to devote themselves solely to worship and prayer. Muslims strike a balance by fulfilling the obligations of and enjoying this life, while always mindful of their duties to Allah and to others.

Morals and manners
Business ethics
Modesty in dress and behavior
Dietary rules
Marriage
Care of children and elderly
Racism and prejudice
Relations with non-Muslims


Declaration of Faith (Shahaadah):


Fundamental to a Muslim's spiritual life is the declaration of faith (shahaadah). Here you can explore the deeper meaning of the declaration: "There is no god but Allah, and Mohammed is the messenger of Allah."


Converting to Islam:


Embracing Islam is as simple as making the formal "declaration of faith" (shahaadah), because believing this fundamental testimony is what makes one a Muslim.


Humility in Islam:


Muslims constantly strive to remember and practice Islamic virtues, and put them into practice throughout their daily lives. Among these great Islamic virtues are submission to Allah, self-restraint, discipline, sacrifice, patience, brotherhood, generosity, and humility. During prayer in particular, Muslims humble themselves before God.Patience, Perseverance, and Prayer.

Advice for Muslims during times of tragedy and despair: call on Allah and strive to patiently persevere.